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Tuesday, August 22, 2017

10 Indonesian National Park with Great Rainforest Ecosystem

The national park is a protected area of government aim to preserving the nature. As an archipelago and tropical country, Indonesia has many national parks with great rainforest ecosystem. Noted, there are about 50 national parks that exist in all parts of Indonesia. All of them offer a beautiful natural charm. Here is some of the national park in Indonesia with great rainforest ecosystem:

Gunung Palung National Park

Rainforest Name in Indonesia
Rainforest of Gunung Palung National Park, Credit: Tom from Netherland via Wikimedia Commons

Gunung Palung National Park is a conservation area which has the potential for enormous natural resources  with seven types of ecosysstem, from coastal ecosystems to sub-alpine rainforests. This national park is a center of distribution of flora and fauna in West Kalimantan Province.
This area is also an important habitat for the existence of primate animals in Indonesia and the world. There are 10 species of primates live in Gunung Palung rainforest, Pongo pygmaeus, Presbytis cristatus, Presbytis frontata, Presbytis rubicunda, Hylobates albibarbis, Nasalis larvatus, Macaca fascicularis, Macaca nemestrina, Nyticebus coucang and Tarsiers sp. All of the primate species are included in the IUCN red list, and several species, including In an endangered state.

Betung Kerihun Danau Sentarum National Park 

rainforest ecosystem
Sentarum Lake in Betung Kerihun Danau Sentarum National Park

This national park formerly is a two stand-alone national park, in 2016 the two national parks incorporated into Betung Kerihun Danau Sentarum National Park. Betung Kerihun region is a tropical rain forest that can be divided into eight types of forest ecosystem such as lowland forest, old secondary, Dipterocarpus, sub-montane, and montane. While the area of Lake Sentarum is a peat swamp forest ecosystem that has been submerged for most of the year.
Read also: Interesting activity to do in Danau Sentarum National Park Heart of Borneo

Animals that dominates and is most often seen is the orangutan (Pongo Satyrus), sambar (Cervus unicolor brookei), tangkasi (Tarsius bancanus borneanus), gibbon (Hylobates muelleri), classification (Presbytis rubicunda rubicunda), bears (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) , Lutra (sumatrana lutra), and deer (Tragulus napu borneanus). Among families Bucerotidae contained in this national park, the most prominent are the birds wreathed hornbill (Aceros undulatus) and hornbills (Rhinoplax vigil) which is an animal mascot of West Kalimantan province.
Read also: Best Freshwater Fishing Spot in West Borneo

Kerinci Seblat National Park

Kerinci Seblat National Park Rainforest. Credit: Prayata Agung DMT

Kerinci Seblat national park which is the largest national park in Sumatra, the region stretching across four provinces namely West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra, with an area of about 13,750 square kilometers. In this national park stands very gallant and sturdy highest volcano in Indonesia: Kerinci. Here is where rare flora and fauna live and grow. Some wild animals in this park are Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran Elephants, Clouded Leopard, Malay Tapir to Honey Bear. Not only that, there are still about 370 species of birds that live in the area of Kerinci Seblat national park. Rafflesia Arnoldi giant flowers can also be found in this Park.

Mount Rinjani National Park

montane rainforest tree species
Mount Rinjani Rainforest. Credit: Sangster G, King BF, Verbelen P, Trainor CR

In Mount Rinjani National Park, there is the second highest volcano in Indonesia, Mount Rinjani. From the Mount Rinjani peak, you can see the beautiful of Segara Anak Lake. The total area of Mount Rinjani National Park reaches 41,000 hectares whose territory stretches in the districts of East Lombok, Central Lombok and West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara province.
Some endemic animal in Rinjani are mammals namely rinjani weasel (Paradoxurus hemaproditus rinjanicus), also there are deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), monkey bud (Trachypithecus auratus kohlbruggei), pangolin (Manis javanica), horned cikukua (Philemon buceroides neglectus), forest dawah (Ducula lacernulata sasakensis), black caudate shanks (Oriolus chinensis broderipii), and several types of reptiles.

Gunung Leuser National Park

animal rainforest orang utan
Orang Utan in Gunung Leuser National Park. Credit: Jefri Tarigan via Wikimedia Commons

Gunung Leuser National Park is located on the border of Aceh and North Sumatra provinces. This national park has a truly challenging wildlife. In this national park there are rainforest animals that live freely, among of the animal are the Sumatran Rhinos, Sumatran Elephants, Sumatran Tiger, Orangutans, to Honey Bear. The name of Gunung Leuser National Park is derived from the name of a mountain that stands firmly in the area of Mount Leuser.

Ujung Kulon National Park

animal rainforest ecosystem
Javan Rhino. www.pixabay.com

Ujung Kulon National Park reaches 122,956 hectares. This national park was inaugurated as a UNESCO World Heritage in 1991. This national park is the only rainforest ecosystem where one-horned rhinoceros (Rhicnoceros sondaicus) live freely. This national park is located on the western tip of Java Island, the name of this national park Ujung Kulon means the western tip.

Mount Tambora National Park

rainforest
Tambora Caldera. Credit: Jialiang Gao

In the area of Mount Tambora national park stands Mount Tambora which had erupted in 1815. The eruption destroyed three kingdoms in NTB namely the Kingdom of Tambora, the Pekat Kingdom and the Sanggar Kingdom. This mountain keeps a long so many history about the history of the area, so it is very interesting. Now, this becomes a very interesting place to do adventure.

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park

rainforest ecosystem name
Semeru Mountain. Credit: M. Rietze via Wikimedia Commons

This national park has a uniqueness in the form of sea sand area of 5250 hectares, which is located at an altitude of 2100 meters from sea level. In Bromo Tengger Semeru national park there are about 137 species of birds, 22 species of mammals and 4 species of reptiles. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is located in East Java, in the administrative area of Pasuruan Regency, Malang Regency, Lumajang Regency and Probolinggo Regency.
FYI, Semeru is one of the most famous montain to hike in Indonesia. This mountain are always full with visitor who want to climb the peak.

Lorentz National Park

rainforest animal
Wallaby, an iconic animal from Lorentz National Park. Credit: Jjron via Wikimedia Commons

Lorentz National Park has an area of about 2.4 million Ha and became the largest national park in Southeast Asia. UNESCO established the Lorentz National Park as a World Heritage Site in 1999. Lorentz National Park This is the initial image of the park's uniqueness: spacious and perfect.Lorentz is the only national park on earth with various ecosystem types
In one unified whole, ranging from snowy mountains to the oceans. Covering an area of 2.35 million hectares, Lorentzmen is home for thousands of species of plants and animals typical of eastern Indonesia. Lorentz nurtures hope for the preservation of biodiversity Together with the natural evolution of eastern Indonesia.
This is the initial image of the park's uniqueness: spacious and perfect. Lorentz is the only national park on earth with various ecosystem types In one unified whole, ranging from snowy mountains, tropical rainforest, to the oceans. Covering an area of 2.35 million hectares, Lorentzmen is home Thousands of species of plants and animals typical of eastern Indonesia. Lorentz nurtures hope for the preservation of biodiversity Together with the natural evolution of eastern Indonesia.
Types of animals identified in Lorentz National Park are 630 species of birds (± 70% of birds in Papua) and 123 species of mammals. Birds is the most interesting fauna is Lorentz National Park, Types of birds that characterize this national park there are two types of cassowary, four megapoda, 31 species of pigeons, 30 species of cockatoo, 13 species of shrimp, 29 species of honey birds, and 20 species of endemic among them parrots of long tail (Paradigalla caruneulata) and Quail Snow (Anurophasis monorthonyx). While the mammals are Cuscus, wallabies, forest cats, kangaroos, and pigs thorns.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park

bukit barisan selatan national park rainforest
Rainforest Patrol using Elephant in South Bukit Barisan National Park. Credit: Sammy Sammy

South Bukit Barisan National Park located in the southwestern tip of Sumatra is intended to protect the tropical rainforests of the island of Sumatra along with its own biological riches. In 1935, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park was declared a Nature Reserve Reserve. UNESCO also makes the National Park of Bukit Barisan Selatan a World Heritage Site.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TNBBS) is located on the island of Sumatra, which is the third largest protected area on the island. This 356,800 ha area stretches across two provinces of Bengkulu Province to the southern tip of Lampung Province. Administratively, TNBBS is included in West Lampung Regency, West Coastal District and Tanggamus Regency of Lampung Province and South Bengkulu Regency, Bengkulu Province. Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is home to three of the rarest and charismatic animals of rhinoceros, elephants and Sumatran tigers. Types of ecosystems owned by TNBBS include mangrove forests, coastal forests, to mountane rainforests.

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